Because the HEM constituents One final Brown grease, waste vegetable oil, animal fat, grease, etc. What does oil expression mean? Powdered solids may also be used as thickeners, especially as clays. CMC serves to both thicken the solution and add a lubricating effect, and often silicone-based lubricants are added for additional lubrication. Most types of oil and grease are insoluble in water. There are two main components of oil and grease, petroleum based hydrocarbons (now referred to as ‘nonpolar that we will explore later, a better name for this particular test would be HEM (Hexane Extractable Material). After sufficient force to shear the grease has been applied, the viscosity drops and approaches that of the base lubricant, such as the mineral oil. The higher the grade, the thicker the grease. Learn more. to remove grease, oil, or the like, from, especially by treating with a chemical. To put it simply, grease is oil mixed with a thickener and other additives. Silicone grease is based on a silicone oil, usually thickened with amorphous fumed silica. One type of lubricant grease used in automobiles is EP2 lithium grease. Food-grade greases are those greases that come in contact with food. Carboxymethyl cellulose, or CMC, is one popular material used to create a water-based analog of greases. AP Grease is a lithium based multifunctional high temperature, water resistant grease. Definition of oil in the Idioms Dictionary. Informal. the material they can foul up water treatment processes, impart unpleasant odors or tastes to the water, or look I took my car to the local grease monkey, and now it runs worse than ever! Fats, Oil and Grease. n., v. greased, greas•ing. Use of ozone depleting substances in laboratories. This involves transferring your sample Solid additives will cause increased wear in bearings. … which retains the HEM components. Once it has thickened it is a “grease” and no longer an “oil." Also called grease′ wool`. There are certain Standard Methods that are not allowed because they use a This quality makes clean-up with pentane or hexanes trivial, but also easily leads to contamination of reaction mixtures. After sufficient force to shear the grease has been applied, the viscosity drops and approaches that of the base lubricant, such as the mineral oil. After all, they are both lubricants that are used to minimize friction in most machineries, tools and equipment. Oil and Grease Analysis Oil and grease includes fats, oils, waxes, and other related constituents found in water, generally wastewater. Lithium grease is a thickener used to thicken oil content.  Over the centuries, all manner of materials have been employed as greases. Oil separation, also known as oil puddling or oil bleed, is a common phenomenon that occurs naturally when storing grease.  It is often applied using a grease gun, which applies the grease to the part being lubricated under pressure, forcing the solid grease into the spaces in the part. Anything that is soluble in hexane will be counted as ‘oil and grease’ for the purpose of this testing. Because different testing methods are looking at different physical properties of oil and grease, there can be differences in the analysis. Standard ISO 6743-9 “lubricants, industrial oils and related products (class L) — classification — part 9: family X (greases)”, first released in 1987 by the International Organization for Standardization, establishes a detailed classification of greases used for the lubrication of equipment, components of machines, vehicles, etc. a substance, as oil or grease, for lessening friction, especially in the working parts of a mechanism. SPE is accomplished by passing the sample through a material (Entry 1 of 2) 1 a : rendered animal fat. The molecules that make up the thickener will align themselves in such a way that they create a sort of structure with spaces in between, and the oil … The complete unit is placed into an oven at 40 °C (105 °F) for one week. 2 : wool as it comes from the sheep retaining the natural oils or fats. Oil vs Grease. While Find more ways to say grease, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. Learn more. Food-grade lubricant base oil are generally low sulfur petrochemical, less easily oxidized and emulsified. Solid phase extraction (SPE) is the Grease was designed to be used in many environments that differ one from another. The DIN standard V 0010517, 2000-08 has also been adopted by the European Lubricating Grease Institute (ELGI) and National Lubricating Grease Institute (NLGI) as their guideline. when in a soft state. What does it stand for? Another commonly used poly-α olefin base oil as well The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) has three food-grade designations: H1, H2 and H3. only n-hexane as the active solvent. stand for in Grease? The method does allow the sample is filtered, all traces of that solvent must be removed before the sample is eluted from the disc. Lithium greases are non-corrosive and adhere very well to metal. The word grease comes from the Latin word “crassus,” meaning “fat, dense or thick,” which adequately describes its consistency. mix of solvents in the procedure. In countries where infrared is the standard method, there will be an excellent correlation. Method Summary – Hexane is used to extract material (ideally just oil and grease) from an acidified aliquot of the sample stream. Grease (lubricant), a type of industrial lubricant Grease, any petroleum product or fat (including cooking fat) that is a soft solid at room temperature . It is quite easy to understand why many people tend to interchange oil and grease. "Lubricants and Lubrication" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, 2005, Weinheim. These thickeners impact grease capability and compatibility. Oil bleed is a term used to explain the separation of oil or seepage of oil during normal grease operating conditions. crucial step is the evaporation temperature. Once again, these two oil phrase. They also act as sealants to prevent ingress of water and incompressible materials. wool, as shorn, before being cleansed of the oily matter. with a good scientific definition and even harder to design a selective test. , Some greases are labeled "EP", which indicates "extreme pressure". categories are purely method defined. , New location: Navigate to USACE Home > [Publications] > [Engineer Manuals] > [EM 1110-2-1424 Lubricants and Hydraulic Fluids]. Grease is an oil to which a thickening base has been added so that the end product is semi-solid. Cork grease is a lubricant used to lubricate cork, for example in musical wind instruments. It includes other material extracted by the solvent from an acidified sample (such as sulfur compounds, certain organic dyes, and chlorophyll) and not volatilized during the test. Fatty acids derivatives other than stearates are also used, especially lithium 12-hydroxystearate. Apiezon, silicone-based, and fluoroether-based greases are all used commonly in laboratories for lubricating stopcocks and ground glass joints. What You Should Know – As mentioned previously, a better name for this test is HEM. most widely known and used of these alternatives. However the maximum usable temperature for lithium-based grease is 120 °C. Depending on the specific origin of For reasons Approved Methods – There are only two, EPA 1664 and SM5520 B/F. If these compounds are not removed before discharge of treated wastewater, oil and grease can interfere with biological life in surface waters and create unsightly films. Household Uses. If using solid phase discs that require activation (typically with methanol) before Grease-lubricated bearings have greater frictional characteristics because of their high viscosity. Grease is oil stored in a fibrous network that functions like a sponge. it is somewhat easy to say “oil and grease” and have a good idea of what is meant, it is quite difficult to come up The differentiation between the two is done by adding an extra step involving silica gel. Care must be taken to carefully vent during the agitation to avoid potentially recovery of your standards. This method has the advantage of reduced solvent usage (often more than 50% less), no Method 1664 specifically deals with a liquid-liquid extraction procedure. gravimetric determination. It is used on sliding doors, windows, hinges, garage door tracks and chains. H1 lubricants are food-grade lubricants used in food-processing environments where there is the possibility of incidental food contact.  Greases are usually shear-thinning or pseudo-plastic fluids, which means that the viscosity of the fluid is reduced under shear. What You Should Know – As mentioned previously, a better name for this test is HEM. dangerous build up of pressure from the fumes. COBUILD Key Words for Automotive Engineering . Silicone-based greases are cheaper than fluoroether-based greases. Definitions by the largest Idiom Dictionary. Understanding oil bleed and grease separation Tech topic Key insight than water, the entire sample volume must be drained from the funnel, usually back into the sample container, Almost all It assigns a single multi-part code to each grease based on its operational properties (including temperature range, effects of water, load, etc.) The hexane is evaporated and the entire amount of residue left behind is defined as oil and grease. This includes When performing an analysis for HEM you must always use whole volume samples. It categorizes greases suitable for the lubrication of chassis components and wheel bearings of vehicles, based on performance requirements, using codes adopted from the NLGI's “chassis and wheel bearing service classification system”: A given performance category may include greases of different consistencies.. Yellow grease is made from darker parts of They are, however, expensive, and are not easily cleaned away. Calcium sulphonates and polyureas are increasingly common grease thickeners not based on metallic soaps.. Still lower evaporation The lime saponifies some of the triglyceride that comprises oil to give a calcium grease. H3 lubricants are food-grade lubricants, typically edible oils, used to prevent rust on hooks, trolleys and similar equipment. However, they dissolve in many organic solvents. Get the top F.O.G. Anything left over after silica gel treatment is a non-polar material.  Solid additives cannot be used in bearings because of tight tolerances. alternative extraction methods provided they adhere to the method definition. b : oily matter. This trait makes it better for bearings that cannot practically receive new oil on a near-constant basis. 2. fatty or oily matter in general; lubricant. This is because, while the common perception of oil and grease will be recovered by this … Oil and grease can deteriorate wires, belts, and hoses. The grease helps to prevent joints from "freezing", as well as ensuring high vacuum systems are properly sealed. some dyes, sulfur, and substituted hydrocarbons but does not include some heavier petroleum residuals. Grease, thick, oily lubricant consisting of inedible lard, the rendered fat of waste animal parts, or a petroleum-derived or synthetic oil containing a thickening agent. The measure of the consistency of grease is commonly expressed by its NLGI consistency number. temperatures would allow for losing less material to volatilization at the expense of longer evaporating times. will also be detected. Definition of grease. In some cases, the lubrication and high viscosity of a grease are desired in situations where non-toxic, non-oil based materials are required. n. 1. the melted or rendered fat of animals, esp. The nature of the soaps influences the temperature resistance (relating to the viscosity), water resistance, and chemical stability of the resulting grease. Oil - Idioms by The Free Dictionary ... the squeaky wheel gets the grease/oil; the squeaky wheel gets the oil; tongue oil; Want to thank TFD for its existence? or as just the non-polar material, with the animal/vegetable material being the difference between the two. Lithium-based greases are the most commonly used; sodium and lithium-based greases have higher melting point (dropping point) than calcium-based greases but are not resistant to the action of water. Because of thiis, it had to evolve from plain grease to more specialized greases for some of today’s applications. In the context of evaluating and testing, lubricating greases would have been judged based on feel, touch, etc. ing. The ancient Romans and Egyptians are both believed to have been among the first to create real grease by combining olive oil with lime (calcium carbonate) to make calcium-based grease. Click here to download a pdf of Understanding Oil & Grease. The NLGI grade is a measure of a greases consistency. of wool or fur : in the natural … Jointly developed by ASTM International, the National Lubricating Grease Institute (NLGI) and SAE International, standard ASTM D4950 “standard classification and specification for automotive service greases” was first published in 1989 by ASTM International. Another Soaps are the most common emulsifying agent used, and the selection of the type of soap is determined by the application. This sudden drop in shear force means that grease is considered a plastic fluid, and the reduction of shear force with time makes it thixotropic. (oil) 1. International Organization for Standardization, Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, 10.2993/0278-0771(2006)26[299:BSAAAG]2.0.CO;2, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Grease_(lubricant)&oldid=998648631, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2012, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from Grocer's Encyclopedia, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, LA and LB: chassis lubricants (suitability up to mild and severe duty respectively), GA, GB and GC: wheel-bearings (suitability up to mild, moderate and severe duty respectively), This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 11:01. Fats and oils are contributed to domestic wastewater in butter, lard, White grease is made from inedible hog fat and has a low content of free fatty acids. must adhere in order to stay within that definition. The degree of oil separation will depend upon the thickener, base oil and manufacturing method. recovery as you have less of a chance of volatilizing some of the lighter weight organics. Oil bleed is easily identified by the presence of oily sections of greased components and/or the formation of small pools of oil around componentry. oil. Fomblin by Solvay Solexis and Krytox by duPont are prominent examples. Greases are applied to mechanisms that can be lubricated only infrequently and where a lubricating oil would not stay in position. Oil separation occurs in reaction to stress, which is a good thing because this is precisely the mechanism that allows oil to be released under … They are relatively inert and generally do not affect reactions, though reaction mixtures often get contaminated (detected through NMR near δ 0). Copyright © 2021 Environmental Express - All Rights Reserved. This change in viscosity is called shear thinning. The most familiar example of this type of lubricant, used as a surgical and personal lubricant, is K-Y Jelly. v.t. Because this is a method defined parameter there are certain requirements to which one 4. Grease is sometimes used to describe lubricating materials that are simply soft solids or high viscosity liquids, but these materials do not exhibit the shear-thinning properties characteristic of the classical grease. into large separatory funnels and adding 30 mL of hexane. Any of a large class of liquid or easily melted substances that are typically very slippery and greasy. These compounds are working as a release agent. figurative (make [sth] go more smoothly) يسرّع الأمور Apiezon or similar hydrocarbon based greases are the cheapest, and most suitable for high vacuum applications. A true grease consists of an oil and/or other fluid lubricant that is mixed with a thickener, typically a soap, to form a solid or semisolid. before the hexane can be collected. They can either be determined as a whole Thorsten Bartels et al. Often during the agitation process an emulsion will form between 1664B simply says to adjust the temperature as appropriate. But actually, oil and grease are two distinct compounds that … It is a general purpose lithium-soap thickened grease for extreme pressures. EP greases have increased resistance to film breakdown, form sacrificial coatings on the metal surface to protect if the film does break down, or include solid lubricants such as graphite or molybdenum disulfide to provide protection even without any grease remaining. Grease generally consists of a soap emulsified with mineral or vegetable oil. , Solid additives such as copper or ceramic powder are added to some greases for static high pressure and/or high temperature applications, or where corrosion could prevent dis-assembly of components later in their service life. , Grease from the early Egyptian or Roman eras is thought to have been prepared by combining lime with olive oil. A few greases are rheotropic, meaning they become more viscous when worked. Silicone-based greases are not easily removed with solvent, but they are removed efficiently by soaking in a base bath. grease the wheels, grease the way, grease the skids v expr verbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end." Oils are flammable, do not mix with water, and include animal and vegetable fats as well as substances of mineral or synthetic origin. Pouring aliquots of sample out for analysis will not give a representative sub-sampling in most cases. To make matters worse, some materials that you would think should be included are not. Oil and grease can deteriorate wires, belts, and hoses. materials’) and fatty compounds of animal or vegetable origin. Fluoropolymers containing C-O-C (ether) with fluorine (F) bonded to the carbon. Another word for grease. The definition of oil and grease is dependent on the procedure and solvent used. Until the discovery of crude oil in the 19th century, progress in greases was not well-documented. For example, petroleum jellies such as Vaseline are not generally classified as greases. Oils are thin liquids made of long polymer chains, with additives for various extra properties. The lower temperature lends itself to better standard What does grease expression mean? This is because, while the common perception of oil and grease will be recovered by this method, other materials which are not oil or grease Definitions by the largest Idiom Dictionary. Oil and grease in the form of motor oil and fuel are commonly found in stormwater runoff. in the grease. a bribe. “Oil and grease” is defined as any material recovered as a substance soluble in the solvent. Here, soaps disperse and viscosify oil to create the stable gels of greases. It may be used inside the household. This sudden drop in shear force means that grease is considered a plastic fluid, and the reduction of shear f… The HEM is than extracted by rinsing with solvent to carry the HEM into a oil definition: 1. petroleum (= the black oil obtained from under the earth's surface from which petrol comes): 2…. . Grease F.O.G. Oil and grease can get into waterways when stormwater runs off any site with heavy vehicular activity such as a transportation hub, vehicle repair facility or automotive recycling facility. AP Grease. EP2 Grease. Greases are usually shear-thinning or pseudo-plastic fluids, which means that the viscosity of the fluid is reduced under shear. collection dish or flask. Whether you choose liquid-liquid, Soxhlet, or some sort of SPE method you must use n-hexane and Method Summary – Hexane is used to extract material (ideally just oil and grease) from an acidified aliquot of the sample stream. They also impact grease consistency, which is measured in NLGI (National Lubricating Grease Institute) Grades. 3. are typically not water soluble, the sample is not homogenous with respect to the analyte of interest. grease fire definition in English dictionary, grease fire meaning, synonyms, see also 'grease',grease cup',grease gun',grease monkey'. adjective capable of lubricating ; used to lubricate . Common uses. to separate. components of HEM will be found either on the surface of the sample or adhering to the walls of the container. unpalatable. The amount of grease in a sample can be determined in a laboratory by extraction with a solvent followed by e.g. What is it ? The hexane is then collected and the extraction repeated two more times. Standard Methods recommends 85 °C while 1664A says 70 ± 2 °C. Grease is a solid or semisolid lubricant formed as a dispersion of thickening agents in a liquid lubricant. grease definition: 1. animal or vegetable fat that is soft after melting, or more generally, any thick oil-like…. Under high pressure or shock loading, normal grease can be compressed to the extent that the greased parts come into physical contact, causing friction and wear. Fluoroether-based greases are inert to many substances including solvents, acids, bases, and oxidizers. The history of lubricating grease dates back to Egyptian times or even beyond. Lubrication of moving parts, cooling, cleaning, corrosion control, and etc. grease phrase. … Understanding lube oil and its job functions: There are several jobs that the lube oil is designed to perform. ... Any discussion of lubrication inevitably leads to a comparison between oil and grease lubricants, and a discussion of the pros and cons of each type. A common feature of greases is that they possess a high initial viscosity, which upon the application of shear, drops to give the effect of an oil-lubricated bearing of approximately the same viscosity as the base oil used in the grease. (“FOG”) shall mean a material either liquid or solid, composed primarily of fat, oil, including Floatable Oil, and/or grease from animal or vegetable sources.The terms "fats, oils, and grease, “oil and grease”, or “oil and grease substances” shall all be included within this definition. Should be included are not easily removed with solvent to carry the is., water resistant grease, usually thickened with amorphous fumed silica explore later, better... Allow alternative extraction Methods provided they adhere to the analyte of interest near-constant basis for HEM you must n-hexane! Greases that come in contact with food to keep in mind is to always acidify your blanks and standards! Grease analysis oil and grease are desired in situations where non-toxic, non-oil based materials are required by with... There are certain requirements to which a thickening base has been added so that the end product is.! With a chemical the local grease monkey, and are not generally classified as greases the standard,. This can cause significant delays in the procedure and solvent are agitated and then allowed separate. Typically edible oils, used to lubricate wooden axle-trees or carts in Sweden [! Constituents found in stormwater runoff 2021 Environmental Express - all Rights Reserved or fats hexanes trivial, but are. So that the end product is semi-solid 1. animal or vegetable oil. by... Of liquid or easily melted substances that are typically very slippery and greasy provided adhere! Method does allow alternative extraction Methods provided they adhere to the local grease monkey, and are generally. Temperatures would allow for losing less material to volatilization at the expense of longer evaporating times local. The 19th century, progress in greases was not well-documented lubrication and high viscosity, thick... Sodium stearate, as oil and grease in musical wind instruments or flask [ 8 ] Solid additives not. In locations with no possibility of incidental food contact touch, etc you choose liquid-liquid, Soxhlet, or sort... 10 ] the walls of the fluid is reduced under shear popular material used to thicken content... Touch, etc less of a large class of liquid or easily melted substances that are typically water. Approved Methods – there are grease oil meaning two, EPA 1664 and SM5520 B/F grease consistency, which means the... 1664B simply says to adjust the temperature as appropriate thickeners grease oil meaning oils grease consistency, which is measured NLGI. To understand why many people tend to interchange oil and grease slippery and greasy choice! And aqueous layers used commonly in laboratories for lubricating stopcocks and ground joints! A term used to thicken oil content lubricant grease used in automobiles is EP2 grease! And its NLGI consistency number. [ 10 ] substances that are used to extract material ( ideally oil! Fat, grease, etc of water and incompressible materials from the fumes when storing grease meet! After silica gel treatment is a lubricant used to minimize friction in most machineries, tools and.... Functions like a sponge are required used on equipment and machine parts in locations with no possibility contact! Made of long polymer chains, with additives for various extra properties yellow is. In bearings because of tight tolerances worse, some materials that you would think Should be are... In contact with food involves transferring your sample into large separatory funnels and adding 30 mL hexane... The end product is semi-solid thicken the solution and add a lubricating effect, fluoroether-based. Extractable material ) machine parts in locations with no possibility of incidental food contact of... Well as mixtures of these alternatives it runs worse than ever soaps include calcium stearate, as grease oil meaning or,. Crude oil in the procedure and solvent used lubricate cork, for example, petroleum such. Excellent correlation are looking at different physical properties of oil and grease is lithium. To make matters worse, some greases are those greases that come in contact with food grease includes,! Particular test would be HEM ( hexane Extractable material ) 's ever increasing,., also known as oil puddling or oil bleed is easily identified by the application the oily.... What you Should Know – as mentioned previously, a better name for this test is HEM 190! From inedible hog fat and has a dropping point at 190 to 220 °C ( 105 )... Is made from inedible hog fat and has a dropping point at 190 to 220 °C ( 105 grease oil meaning. Is the possibility of incidental food contact ] soaps include calcium stearate, as grease oil meaning as mixtures of these.. Meaning they become more viscous when worked food contact soaps. [ 12 ] lithium 12-hydroxystearate because the constituents. Pentane or hexanes trivial, but also easily leads to contamination of reaction mixtures Institute. Separatory funnels and adding 30 mL grease oil meaning hexane, typically edible oils, waxes, the... 12 ] solids may also be used as a surgical and personal lubricant, used to rust. Oil to which a thickening base has been added so that the end product semi-solid! Cases, the sample through a material which retains the HEM components common phenomenon that occurs naturally when grease... Determined in a base bath back to Egyptian times or even beyond the solvent of choice lubricated only and! By the presence of oily sections of greased components and/or the formation of small of! Grease for extreme pressures lends itself to better standard recovery as you have of... With respect to the analyte of interest thickened with amorphous fumed silica not. Involves transferring your sample into large separatory funnels and adding 30 mL of hexane copyright 2021! Food-Grade greases are usually shear-thinning or pseudo-plastic fluids, which is measured in NLGI ( National lubricating grease back! Is HEM SPE is accomplished by passing the sample or adhering to the local grease,... Centuries, all manner of materials have been judged based on metallic soaps. [ 4 ] [ 8 Solid. And better oils each year would have been judged based on metallic.. Hem into a collection dish or flask or more generally, any thick oil-like… cleaning, control... Defined of all method defined evaluating and testing, lubricating greases would have been employed as greases non-toxic non-oil! In incomplete recovery of your standards grease includes fats, oil, more... To create the stable gels of greases a laboratory by extraction with a solvent followed by e.g greases not. All used commonly in laboratories for lubricating stopcocks and ground glass joints,! Cleansed of the container, bases, and oxidizers of long polymer chains, with additives for various extra.! Lubricate cork, for lessening friction, especially in the extraction repeated two more times labeled! An oven at 40 °C ( 105 °F ) because, while the common perception of oil and grease deteriorate! Understand why many people tend grease oil meaning interchange oil and grease in a network. They also act as sealants to prevent ingress of water and incompressible materials crude oil in the repeated! Lithium based multifunctional high temperature, water resistant grease the two is done by adding an extra step silica... Practically receive new oil on a near-constant basis - all Rights Reserved or like. Petroleum residuals expensive, and etc commonly expressed by its NLGI consistency number. [ 4 ] 8... Allow for losing less material to volatilization at the expense of longer evaporating times and personal lubricant used! Grade, the thicker the grease, with additives for various extra properties oil are generally low petrochemical... Liquid-Liquid, Soxhlet, or the like, from, especially as clays 2005 Weinheim... In automobiles is EP2 lithium grease as mixtures of these components this … fats, oil grease... Carefully vent during the agitation process an emulsion will form between the is. Of Understanding oil & grease surface of the oily matter, common.. And where a lubricating effect, and fluoroether-based greases are usually shear-thinning or pseudo-plastic fluids, which indicates `` pressure. Is quite easy to understand why many people tend to interchange oil and grease O... The history of lubricating grease dates back to grease oil meaning times or even.. Industrial lubricants used on equipment and machine parts in locations with no possibility contact. White grease is oil mixed with a liquid-liquid extraction procedure oil, usually thickened with amorphous silica. Are generally low sulfur petrochemical, less easily oxidized and emulsified very well metal! Gels of greases delays in the form of motor oil and grease ’ for the purpose this! Approved Methods – there are certain standard Methods that are used to minimize friction in most.... Of residue left behind is defined as oil puddling or oil bleed a! Are removed efficiently by soaking in a fibrous network that functions like a sponge volume samples create! Trivial, but they are both lubricants that are typically not water soluble, thicker! In greases was not well-documented hexanes trivial, but also easily leads to contamination of reaction mixtures lends itself better. All components of HEM will be an excellent correlation use n-hexane and only n-hexane as the active solvent because... Grease consistency grease oil meaning which means that the viscosity of the lighter weight organics, garage door and... Greases consistency fat, grease, etc collected grease oil meaning the extraction repeated two more times may also be used demanding... Fats, oils, used as axle-grease to lubricate cork, for lessening friction, especially in the extraction two. And adhere very well to metal out for analysis will not give a calcium grease be determined in a bath! Thickener used to minimize friction in most cases this test is HEM in Sweden. [ 12 ] from! Extraction Methods provided they adhere to the method does allow alternative extraction Methods provided they to... The working parts of a large class of liquid or easily melted substances that are used to explain separation! A soap emulsified with mineral or vegetable oil. as oil and grease ( O & G ) the... Some of today ’ s applications to many substances including solvents, acids,,! Saponifies some of the sample and solvent used a liquid-liquid extraction procedure excellent correlation water and incompressible.!