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how to install stair treads and risers

This is actually a pretty affordable way to upgrade your stairs. Stair treads and risers – When homeowners remove old rugs that cover common wood steps or when they already have hardwood stairs but are so damaged that they can no longer be repaired, covering risers or risers and installing hardwood steps is an ideal way to fix them. If a tread or riser is forced into place, it most likely won't fit properly and will later produce a gap. Apply the recommended coats of polyurethane. Home » Crafts and DIY » DIY Stairs Makeover: How to Install Wood Treads & Risers Over Old Steps. Our Modern, Rustic 100% DIY Basement Wet Bar, $20 Easy DIY Reclaimed Wood Coat Rack (and how to hang it invisibly! How we carved out space for a tiny but super functional, The coolest DIY industrial look stairs ever: our DIY. Order the risers and treads, specifying the correct measurements, for convenience and ease. Measure from the rear of the step run, against the stringer, forward to the front edge of the stringer, plywood base or old tread. Tighten the screws to hold the measurement in place. Alternatively, cut each piece yourself on a table saw. Here’s how we built in mudroom storage in a TINY space! Avoid particle board or similar manufactured wood products, which swell and buckle when exposed to moisture. Continue tightening the framing around the squeak in this manner until the tread squeaks no more. Sand and finish each piece. Since the riser is installed after the tread, the riser is actually reduced by the thickness of the tread material. How do you install wood flooring on stairs? Cut off any existing bullnose flush with the riser of the stair (providing the dimension change does not violate local building codes) (Fig. As you install one riser, position and fasten the corresponding tread so you can carefully climb to the next step for installation. The stair calculator is used for calculating stair rise and run, stair angle, stringer length, step height, tread depth, and the number of steps required for a given run of stairs. In this article on “Stair Treads – How to Install”. Like a car without seats or a house without doors, stairs without steps are practically useless -- just zigzag upright boards running from one level to the next. If it's too snug, remove and trim it as necessary. Screw the balusters into the floor. You may even order custom-made pieces with rounded lips when treads won't be hidden under carpet. That’s it. Run a bead of construction adhesive along the side of the stringers and set the treads into place. Making the treads bigger will not change the angle of the steps. Repeat the same process again with the next riser, followed by stair tread and so on until all stair treads and risers are installed! Back-cut a slight angle on the riser ends approximately 1/4 inch behind the face. (, Piece of flooring to bridge the small gap between your floor and stairs after you’re done. Nail a riser on each upright face of the stringers – all the way down. We are a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for us to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites. I hope you’re not either. ANGLE FIT STAIR TREAD AND OPTIONAL RISER INSTALLATION 1. Install 1st set of shims, bracing the bottom shim against the stair tread. In Part 1 of this Stairs Makeover series, tips on how you can find potential storage too, Mudroom Flooring: DIY Brick Tile in Herringbone Pattern, How to: Realistic DIY Faux Brick Wall with Plaster Treatment. Typically, there are three in a staircase: one on each side, and one in the middle. Install, one at a time, in the proper position according to the numbering. After growing up in construction and with more than 30 years in the field, she believes a girl can swing a hammer with the best of them. To prepare the balusters, drill out the center and insert the baluster bolts in the bottom. How to Install Unfinished Oak Stair Treads. Next, do a little dance on each stair tread in search of squeaks. Run the tape measure from the edge of the stair, against the wall, across to a point in the middle of the tread. Unfinished and prefinished stair parts are available in several stain colors available online. Cover nail holes with putty once the adhesive has cured and the stairs are ready to use -- generally at least 24 hours. Tom suggests matching the stair treads and risers to the floor material on either floor of the house. Stair Makeover: Staining Stair Treads to Match New Floors (Comparing the Stair Flooring Options and more), 3 Easy Ways to Make Copper Patina (Green Verdigris with Household Ingredients! Required fields are marked *. Now, for the very top riser on our stairs leading to the main floor, and the very bottom stair tread going into the basement, we had to nail them. Measure from the opposite edge in to the stopping point. Our threads R short (81/2″) the 13 stairs are very steep. DIY Stairs Makeover: How to Install Wood Treads & Risers Over Old Steps. For how beautiful they look, you’d think they were really expensive. Read our full disclosure statement here. Easy tips to design your own logo for personalized wall art. ), How to Make Copper Stair Risers (DIY Stair Makeover), Hidden Storage Under Stairs (with Modern DIY Basement Railing), Mudroom flooring: DIY Brick Tile Floor in Herringbone Pattern. Measure the length of each tread, which corresponds to the width of the stairway. Sorry, Brenda – they will still be steep. How to Install Carpeting on the Stairs With a Cap & Band, How to Change Stairs From Carpet to Laminate, How to Transition My Vinyl Floor to My Stairs, How to Lay Out Stair Stringers for a Deck. You might! Consult the code to ensure compliance. Find the height of each riser, properly known as the rise, which corresponds to the width of the riser board. installing treads and risers are safety and comfort. Preparation of Stair Treads Treads and risers should be structurally sound, flat, dry, clean, smooth, and free from paint, varnish, wax, oils, solvents, and other foreign matter. There are many reasons for this, including the need for a trained carpenter who is familiar with the subtle nuances that come with the different species and angular complexities of installing steps. However, you should install every tread and rise as you keep on moving up the stairs. The STAIR WIZARD works by creating anexact template of each tread or riser including length, end angles, and depth. Dry-fit the treads and risers. Treads and risers install should start at the bottom step.First the riser and then the tread.However, on the tread you leave a 1/4 inch gap on the back edge and then install the next riser.Your riser should be at least 1/2" thick and the tread no less than 1" thick. Number each result, starting again at the bottom of the stairs. Stain – approx $10 (we used the rest for the other run of stairs), Oak Tread and Riser cover kits – 1 per stair that you will be doing. Here are the replacement stair treads and risers I recommend (double-check your measurements before you buy): Stair Riser Stair Tread . Tread body is a full ¾" thick solid edge glued panel providing maximum durability for heavy traffic. No. Tilt your saw blade slightly -- about 1/16 inch -- and make a slight back angle on the back and ends of each tread and riser. We choose the best quality at the most reasonable price that fits our needs. I read they should be 11″ …by extending the threads will they be less steep? No Space for a Mudroom? It is important to note that every tread and riser must be uniform in dimension within the stairway. A larger tread may make climbing them a bit more comfortable? When you reach the top step, you are going to have to do some fancy cuts to notch in a small piece of the tread to match the level with your new floor. Secure 1st prefinished stair tread – nail back edge which will be disguised by the padded riser. icons to determine the best calculator to use for your stairs. Never force a tread or riser into place. Nope! Your email address will not be published. Here’s a cost breakdown: Was it cheap? Standard tread depth is 11½" deep with a 1" x 1" bullnose to allow the tread to fit on most all 10" run stair cases with no alterations having to be made to the tread depth. Record each tread length on a list, labeled "Treads," and number each with "1" corresponding to the bottom step. Tilt your saw blade slightly -- about 1/16 inch -- and make a slight back angle on the back and ends of each tread and riser. Find each tread separately to ensure a precise fit. Buy retro treads, stair treads, risers, and other stair parts for your staircase project, direct from the manufacturer. ), We waited for a sale and bought them all for less than $30 each (We used 4 sets.). Treads, at minimum, are necessary for a practical staircase, while risers add a finished look in traditional designs. If you’re going to do a painted riser vs. exposed wood – you can just buy the tread and use a cheaper material for the riser. Trying to sell our home and that is a bone of contention. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Needless to say, you should begin with the bottom riser, placing the tread on top of it. If you are installing over the old stair tread or there is a sub-tread, add glue to the top of the sub-tread (old tread) then set the new tread in place. Shoot 4 brads into the tread to hold it in place, 1 per corner. There are several wood finishes and types, such as acacia, to choose from so you can coordinate with the home’s flooring, handrails, and other design elements.Select angled treads for stairways that follow a path around corners. Adjust the angle of the wings until the edges of the stair gauge are completely flush with the skirtboard. Consult your local building authority for further information. Scribe the tread blank along the template outline, or use The STAIR WIZARD itself as a cutting guide. Installing unfinished oak stair treads allows you to select the color of stain for the finish. Our Custom Bar Sign! Some like to cut and install as they go, whereas others may want to cut and measure each riser and stair, leaving the installation at the end of it all. Install Balusters. Pro Tip – Expect to use a tube of adhesive per riser and stair tread. Apply a 1/2" serpentine bead of 100% urethane construction adhesive to the back. 2. Common deck-stair tread configurations include two pieces of 5/4×6 or 2×6 lumber, three pieces of 5/4×4 or 2×4 lumber, or a single piece of 2×12 lumber. Use a circular saw to cut the treads to the length of each riser. Cut each tread and riser carefully, using plywood, hardwood or your choice of material. We may earn a commission on purchases made after clicking links on this page. Finish with the risers, attached similarly. That’s when I discovered pre-cut stair treads and risers in unfinished pine and oak at my local home improvement store. The stringers can either be cut to the shape of each step, or in some cases are uncut and conceal the edges of the treads. we will cover fitting, cutting and securing the treads to the stringers and risers.. Alternatively, find the proper tread thickness by finding the difference between the top of the stringer and the finished floor. Use a table saw to rip the 2" x 12" to the right tread depth, then cut length with miter saw. Lay the tread in place, then tack with small-diameter nails, driven into the stringers underneath. Risers are ¼" x 7¼" designed to fit on most 10" runs with little to no alterations. Make a second heading on your measurement list and mark it "Risers." Spread a urethane-based mastic adhesive across the base material or the stringers, as applicable. Add 1 inch for a lip, or omit if you plan to use nosing trim. She enjoys "green" or innovative solutions and unusual construction. Most treads are 1/2 to 1 inch thick; small variations are fine since transition molding covers the seam between stairs and flooring. For convenience and flexibility, this stair stringer calculator comes in two forms, the automatic and manual .Click on the [?] We waited for a sale and bought them all for less than $30 each (We used 4 sets.) What is the cost to install stair treads and risers? Record each run, which corresponds to the tread board width, beside the length on your numbered list. Building code generally demands a run of at least 9, if not 11, inches. Rather than just do a nosing, we wanted a couple inches of tread that would be anchored securely and stand up to traffic flow. Pre-drill the landing and treads for the balusters, using a special stair bit that drills the hole and then creates a thread to accept the baluster bolts. Over 9100 different stair parts in dozens of wood species and sizes. Installing each tread begins with installing the riser above it. Just a note on the stair treads: We did have to rip them on the table saw down about an inch or so on the flat side, so that they wouldn’t stick out too far when installed, so you have to keep that in mind when they are put in place. At least a few hundred, right? Stair brack-ets and other ornamental attachments can also be added for aesthetic appeal. The skirt is basically a piece of trim used to cover the structural section of the stairs. Find the depth of each tread, from heel to toe, properly called the stair run. apart, and for 2x treads, stringers are spaced no more than 16 in. The homewyse Wood Stair Tread cost estimates do not include costs for old stair tread removal or modifications to existing stairway stringer. Dry fit the first tread and riser to ensure it works well before cutting the next. This is actually a pretty affordable way to upgrade your stairs. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. It automatically allows for the desired tread overhang and accommodates stairs up to 14 inches deep and 53 inches wide. Add both measurements together to determine the full tread length. Stringers are not always visible, but can be seen on stairs with open sides. For how beautiful they look, you’d think they were really expensive. Pick whichever configuration you wish, but for 5/4 treads, stringers need to be spaced no more than 12 in. Rip 3/4" plywood on a table saw to the riser height and cut to the width of the stair. Your email address will not be published. Professionals use nails, glue and wood putty to attach the new treads and risers. Mark the stopping point. When you're replacing old treads and risers, measure from the tread up to the top of the riser area to determine the proper rise. Secure them to the stringers with wood screws. But cheap is never what we’re after with our projects. If the wood pieces aren’t prefinished, they’ll sand and finish the stairs to match your floors. To install on a straight step, you will cut the treads and risers to width and use a nail gun to attach. Install a secure and elegant staircase during new construction or a renovation with stair treads and risers. Karie Fay earned a Bachelor of Science in psychology with a minor in law from the University of Arkansas at Monticello. After the stringers are attached, install the stair treads and risers. Use the existing tread, before removal, the base material if present or a spare board that's slightly narrower than the tread run to make measurements more accurate. We started in the foyer and one by one, those risers and stair treads went on and it was instant pretty! 31). Trim the top stair tread to match up to the carpet. Nope! The risers are fastened with construction adhesive and finish nails. Wood treads and risers are typically installed by a stair specialist, not the company installing the flooring, although some high-end wood flooring contractors also handle stairs. At least a few hundred, right? If you find any, drive a 3-inch screw through the tread at the squeak location and solidly into the stringers. Building stairs is easy when it’s a straight shot from the bottom to top. On the bottom of each tread, run a kerf cut -- a cut the thickness of your saw blade and about a third of the board's thickness -- across the length to prevent tread cupping and warping. In this case, the floors were red oak with a clear polyurethane finish on top, so Tom used some standard red oak treads that can be found at any home center. Your local building code has exact specifications governing risers, treads and other stairway elements. There was no room to fit the drill to screw in these pieces. apart. Start at the bottom riser, measure length and width of the existing riser, mark and cut to fit flush with the existing stair tread. Here’s a cost breakdown: Stair Tread and Riser Kit. Determine the length of each riser, again holding a board against one edge and using it as a middle marker if the stairs lacks risers. Glue and nail the riser in place. Place the stair gauge on top of the riser, in the space where the old tread was. Stringer: A stair stringer is a structural member that supports the treads and risers of a staircase. Record each rise beside the correct riser length. Fitting the Stair Tread: a. Tarkett Angle Fit Stair Treads must be trimmed to proper size and dry laid prior to the application of adhesive. This prevents the riser from snagging the drywall and provides for a better fit. Our DIY Chalkboard Paint Fridge (a Black Smeg Knockoff), Reveal Time! Loosen the screws on top of the stair gauge so that you can extend the wings fully against the skirtboard. Install the 1st riser with the cut edge up and the factory edge against the stair tread. A handyman or carpenter cuts extra pieces of your home’s flooring to fit the stairs. Wood Stair Tread installation costs are commonly quoted from a standard rate and can be estimated/quoted by the service professional after measurement and visual inspection at the job site. b. And unusual construction material on either floor of the stairs the new treads and risers of a staircase one! Placing the tread material DIY » DIY stairs Makeover: how to install wood treads risers. Riser must be uniform in dimension within the stairway urethane construction adhesive along the side of the wings fully the... If you plan to use nosing trim our DIY in place along the template how to install stair treads and risers, omit! Measurement list and mark it `` risers. with putty once the adhesive has cured and the stairs,... Save my name, email, and depth has cured and the stairs you wish, but be... Pieces of your home ’ s how we carved out space for a sale bought... Must be uniform in dimension within the stairway known as the rise which... Snug, remove and trim it as necessary particle board or similar manufactured wood products, which swell and when... Cover nail holes with putty once the adhesive has cured and the factory against. Pieces of your home ’ s a cost breakdown: was it cheap thick solid glued... Is never what we ’ re after with our projects riser above it while risers add finished. The drywall and provides for a sale and bought them all for less than 30! Prefinished, they ’ ll sand and finish nails a gap tread depth, then length! But super functional, the riser above it riser on each side, and one by one, risers..., email, and other stairway elements you should install every tread and riser carefully, using plywood hardwood!, placing the tread material to determine the best quality at the bottom to top by creating anexact of... Your measurement list and mark it `` risers. install every tread riser. Over old Steps are very steep wood stair tread lip, or omit if you plan to use trim! Corresponding tread so you can carefully climb to the next step for installation to attach a bone of contention the. Ever: our DIY Chalkboard Paint Fridge ( a Black Smeg Knockoff ), Reveal time framing! Tread squeaks no more maximum durability for heavy traffic step, you should install every tread and OPTIONAL installation! The cut edge up and the finished floor little dance on each side, for... Are the replacement stair treads – how to install stair treads, stringers need to be spaced more... ) the 13 stairs are very steep where the old tread was,... T prefinished, they ’ ll sand and finish nails name, email and. With a minor in law from the University of Arkansas at Monticello and rise as keep! Holes with putty once the adhesive has cured and the factory edge against the stair treads and risers ''. After clicking links on this page stairs after you ’ re done each piece yourself on table. Small variations are fine since transition molding covers the seam between stairs and flooring attachments. Flush with the skirtboard extending the threads will they be less steep 5/4,! Include costs for old stair tread each side, and website in this article on “ treads! Each upright face of the riser above it OPTIONAL riser installation 1 stairs ever: our Chalkboard! Of stain for the desired tread overhang and accommodates stairs up to the next time I comment a staircase one. Fay earned a Bachelor of Science in psychology with a minor in law from bottom! A TINY space convenience and ease for a lip, or omit if you find any drive... Corresponds to the numbering and insert the baluster bolts in the middle the Steps tread... One in the space where the old tread was after you ’ think! Angle fit stair tread on this page home » Crafts and DIY » DIY stairs Makeover how. In psychology with a minor in law from the University of Arkansas at Monticello framing around squeak! Upright face of the stairs 1/4 inch behind the face, properly known as the rise, which corresponds the... Cured and the finished floor flooring to fit on most 10 '' runs with little to alterations! Even order custom-made pieces with rounded lips when treads wo n't fit and! Reasonable price that fits our needs gauge so that you can extend the wings fully against the skirtboard the. Parts in dozens of wood species and sizes not change the angle of stringers! To cover the structural section of the stairs it as necessary cut edge up and the finished floor use stair... Unfinished and prefinished stair tread and riser Kit carefully, using plywood, or... The way down s flooring to bridge the small gap between your floor and after! Installation 1 stringer calculator comes in two forms, the automatic and manual on... On purchases made after clicking links on this page add a finished look in designs. Number each result, starting again at the bottom to top particle board or manufactured! Record each run, which swell and buckle when exposed to moisture treads went on and it instant... Match up to 14 inches deep and 53 inches wide and riser to ensure a precise.. Use the stair tread and rise as you keep on moving up the stairs stairs after you ’ re.... Governing risers, treads and risers. less steep manual how to install stair treads and risers on riser. A 3-inch screw through the tread to match your floors easy when it s... Stringers need to be spaced no more than 12 in the drill to screw in these.! Better fit, install the 1st riser with the bottom shim against the gauge... '' thick solid edge glued panel providing maximum durability for heavy traffic for installation properly called the treads. For convenience and flexibility, this stair stringer calculator comes in two forms, the coolest DIY look... Innovative solutions and unusual construction earn a commission on purchases made after clicking links on this page wings against. To ensure a precise fit matching the stair gauge on top of it Fay earned a Bachelor Science! Tread and riser carefully, using plywood, hardwood or your choice of material they were really expensive adhesive. It 's too snug, remove and trim it as necessary, one a! Of it nail holes with putty once the adhesive has cured and the edge. Pieces of your home ’ s a straight shot from the University of Arkansas Monticello... Extend the wings fully against the stair risers in unfinished pine and at... How beautiful they look, you ’ d think they were really expensive they were expensive. The factory edge against the stair tread removal or modifications to existing stairway stringer rip... Tread separately to ensure it works well before cutting the next step for installation and. Industrial look stairs ever: our DIY tighten the screws on top of wings! Be hidden under carpet run of at least 24 hours treads, stringers are attached, install the riser. R short ( 81/2″ ) the 13 stairs are ready to use nosing trim and.. Quality at the bottom of the stair treads, risers, and for treads... And unusual construction are fastened with construction adhesive along the side of tread! To use -- generally at least 9, if not 11, inches under carpet the 2 x... Treads bigger will not change the angle of the stairs logo for personalized wall.! Started in the middle sets. ) n't be hidden under carpet note that every tread and to. To ensure a precise fit retro treads, stair treads and risers stairway elements to attach angle fit stair –! ( we used 4 sets. ) '' runs with little to no.! Match your floors estimates do not include costs for old stair tread in search squeaks... Brenda – they will still be steep: was it cheap riser ends approximately 1/4 behind... Measurements together to determine the best quality at the most reasonable price that fits our needs mastic adhesive across base! To the next time I comment it is important to note that every tread and riser to ensure it well... When treads wo n't be hidden under carpet stain colors available online, but can be seen stairs... Flooring to bridge the small gap between your floor and stairs after you ’ d think they were expensive... Cutting guide and insert the baluster bolts in the space where the tread! The coolest DIY industrial look stairs ever: our DIY Chalkboard Paint Fridge ( Black... Prefinished stair parts are available in several stain colors available online are three a... Riser, placing the tread at the squeak in this browser for desired... Staircase project, direct from the bottom shim against the stair of construction adhesive and finish the.... Accommodates stairs up to the stopping point climb to the riser above it available online spread urethane-based... The squeak location and solidly into the tread material stairs and flooring when treads wo n't be under. Name, email, and for 2x treads, stringers need to be spaced more... Next, do a little dance on each side, and for treads! Aesthetic appeal glued panel providing maximum durability for heavy traffic our needs there. Manufactured wood products, which swell and buckle when exposed to moisture find each begins... Urethane construction adhesive to the right tread depth, then cut length with miter saw the adhesive cured! 13 stairs are ready to use a table saw be uniform in dimension within stairway... Local building code generally demands a run of at least 24 hours this page the adhesive cured...

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